The term hardware refactoring is used as a shorthand term for refactoring of code in hardware description languages. Frameworks are an emerging technique; there is still much to be learned concerning the design, configuration, and architecture-level description of frameworks. The retrieved information might be used for the purpose of Analysis, for the purpose of various users behavior prediction or for the purpose of Decision Support System DSS.
The issues and approaches for schema evolution in object-oriented databases are discussed in  and the references therein. These factors make patent searching far more tractable, e. While most of these low-level operations have little theoretical difficulty, their implementation can be complicated.
Architecture is a hypothesis about the future that holds that subsequent change will be confined to that part of the design space encompassed by that architecture.
Who benefits from an investment in architecture, and when is a return on this investment Opdyke thesis By breaking down code in smaller pieces, it is more easily understandable. Some even come to prefer it, hiding in their cozy foxholes, and making their two line-per-day repairs.
Some analysts, designers, and architects have an exaggerated sense of their ability to get things right up-front, before moving into implementation. As common abstractions are determined, it is useful to separate these abstractions from the example-specific behavior. More often, the customer needs something working by tomorrow.
At this point, complexity and Opdyke thesis abilities to contain it reach an uneasy equilibrium. This refactoring maps into low level changes not only in these two classes but possibly also in other classes that invoke the member function.
Once recognized, such problems can be addressed by refactoring the source code, or transforming it into a new form that behaves the same as before but that no longer "smells". Since refactorings must be behavior preserving, it is better to mistakenly decide that a predicate is not a class invariant and so not be able to perform a legal refactoring than it is to mistakenly decide that a predicate is a class invariant and eventually perform an illegal refactoring.
Once simple repairs become all day affairs, as the code turns to mud. Emotion recognition, affective computing, human- machine interaction, emotional Arabic lexicon, text analysis. Such code can become a personal fiefdom, since the author care barely understand it anymore, and no one else can come close.
There is little overall planning or regulation of growth. This implies that refactoring tasks, especially the most complex tasks, require some interaction with the designer. For a long routine, extract one or more smaller subroutines. Indeed, someone else can hear of an idea possibly years laterfile a software patent, and the patent office is likely to grant it.
Investors withdraw their capital. Improving the Design of Existing Code  is the canonical reference. It works, so why fix it? El Gohary, Torky I. Good programmers refuse to work there. However, object-oriented software is harder to change than it might at first appear to be.This paper identifies the most important innovations in software, removing hardware advances and products that didn't embody significant new software innovations.
Its results may surprise you. Dr. Opdyke earned a Bachelor of the Arts Degree in Psychology at Mansfield University of Pennsylvania in and then completed a Master of Science Degree at Indiana State University in Refactoring consists of improving the internal structure of an existing program's source code, while preserving its external behavior.
Port Manteaux churns out silly new words when you feed it an idea or two. Enter a word (or two) above and you'll get back a bunch of portmanteaux created by jamming together words that are conceptually related to your inputs. For example, enter "giraffe" and you'll get. refactoring object-oriented frameworks BY WILLIAM F.
OPDYKE B.S., Drexel University, B.S., Drexel University, M.S., University of Wisconsin - Madison, THESIS Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Computer Science in the Graduate College of the University of Illinois at.
While much attention has been focused on high-level software architectural patterns, what is, in effect, the de-facto standard software architecture is seldom discussed. This paper examines the most frequently deployed architecture: the BIG BALL OF MUD.Download